Russia World Cup 2018 cites location map

Hosting two major sports events – Russia

Russia World Cup 2018 cites location map

Russia World Cup 2018 cites location map

Since a few years the largest developing countries and big emerging market economies are playing an increasing role in hosting major sports events. The last developed country hosting a FIFA World Cup had been Germany in 2006. The World Cup 2010 took place in South Africa and in 2014 it will take place in Brazil. Brazil will also host the Olympic Games in 2016 in Rio de Janeiro after London, United Kingdom, in 2012 and Beijing, China, in 2008.

Like Brazil, Russia is facing the challenge to host the Olympic Games and the FIFA World Cup in a few years distance. The next Winter Games will be in Sochi in 2014, Russia‘s first Winter Olympics and second Olympics after the Moscow Summer Olympics in 1980, and four years later, in 2018, Russia will organise the FIFA World Cup.

These major sports events focus international attention on the host country, which generally invest important sums in infrastructure upgrades. While for cities like Moscow and St Petersburg, the necessary investments for these events are important but not exceptional, smaller cities face the risk of disproportionate spending on projects without a long term strategy.

Sunday on a Waterway in Saint Denis

Sunday on a Waterway in Saint Denis © Christian Horn 2011

Experience shows that major sports events can be a good accelerator of urban developments that the cities have already planned and that will happen anyway, but on a slower pace. Like the Stade de France, a new multi-use venue built for the Word Cup 1998, was used as a powerful driver in the regeneration of the Plaine Saint-Denis area, 750 hectares of industry and brownfield immediately to the North of Paris. This was made possible because the local authorities had gradually built up, since the mid-80’s, an economic and spatial vision of the future they wanted for the area.

Following is a list of infrastructures and building projects that are in under construction, in planning or in consideration of the host cities. The list had been made public during a conference about the venues of the 2018 World cup in the Metropolitan Solutions Forum of the Hannover Trade Fair 2013.

Careful planning is necessary for all host cities, but especially the middle and small size cities should clearly define their strategy and needs for the time after the event to avoid development efforts being wasted on short term needs. They can take into consideration temporary and modular solutions for the time of the event, like Rio de Janeiro proposes the use of cruise ships during the World Cup and the Olympic Games to increase temporary the number of hotel rooms available. An important task for the planners involved in the projects, still five years left.

The FIFA2018 poster of Ekaterinburg, Russia

The FIFA2018 poster of Ekaterinburg, Russia

Ekaterinburg

To build:

  • Total Stadium reconstruction in the central part of the city (the old stadium could not be demolished due to historical significance); 4 training field’s reconstruction
  • Four stations on a new metro line
  • Fast tram line
  • Street network extension and 5-6 road junctions
  • About 25 hotels (optional)

Planning challenge:

Total reconstruction of the city territory around the stadium.

 

The FIFA2018 poster of Nizhny Novogrod, Russia

The FIFA2018 poster of Nizhny Novogrod, Russia

Nizhny Novgorod

To build:

  • New stadium on a new site in the central part of the city
  • Railway terminal reconstruction
  • Two metro stations
  • Three cable-ways
  • Street network extension, road junctions and a tunnel
  • 30 new hotels
  • Railway extension to the airport (optional)

Planning challenge:

New development project around the stadium at the city’s waterfront.

 

The FIFA2018 poster of Samara, Russia

The FIFA2018 poster of Samara, Russia

Samara

To build:

  • New Stadium on a new site at the north outskirts of the city and a few training fields
  • Tram network extension
  • Cable-way
  • Water passenger transport development
  • Street and road network extension, road junctions and railway crossings. Main focus on regional roads
  • 12 stations on a new metro line (optional)
  • Existing Railway extension or new LRT to the airport (optional)

Planning challenges:

The stadium site development as a public space for neighbouring housing of 70-80-s and a key point for Samara-Togliatty agglomeration.

Regional transit network development for Samara-Togliatty agglomeration.

City centre reconstruction for Fan’s festival, centre-stadium connection (9 km).

The FIFA2018 poster of Rostov-on-Don, Russia

The FIFA2018 poster of Rostov-on-Don, Russia

Rostov-on-Don

To build:

  • The new stadium construction on the left-bank of Don River opposite the main city embankment, training fields in the suburbs
  • New international airport
  • Two new road bypasses for transit transport to the south and to the west of the city
  • Reconstruction of the bridge over the Don River, extension roadway to 6 lanes
  • Cable-way over the Don River
  • New hotels and camping park
  • New energy supply facilities
  • New metro network (optional)

Planning challenges:

The stadium located on the left-bank of Don River has insufficient connection to the central part of the city.

The stadium and the new airport (also far from city) may form focal points for the idea of “Greater Rostov” agglomeration.

The FIFA2018 poster of Volgograd, Russia

The FIFA2018 poster of Volgograd, Russia

Volgograd

To build:

  • The new stadium on the riverside of the Volga in the central part of the city in front of city’s famous monument “Mamayev Kurgan”, training camp in Maslovo near the city
  • Airport complex reconstruction
  • Fast tram network extension
  • Transit roads construction in the city near the stadium and around the city
  • Hotels network development

Planning challenge:

The city has a terrible situation with transit traffic via the central part: construction of a 100 km bypass (or other measures) is necessary to solve the traffic jam problem.

The FIFA2018 poster of Kaliningrad, Russia

The FIFA2018 poster of Kaliningrad, Russia

Kaliningrad

To build:

  • New Stadium on a new site on the Lomsee Island close to the city centre, training fields and facilities around the city
  • Tram network extension
  • Fast tram ring
  • Launching water passenger transport
  • Street network extension around the Lomsee Island, including 4-5 bridges across Pregola River
  • New energy supply facilities
  • Railway extension to the airport (optional)

Planning challenges:

Lomsee island housing and commercial development project 220ha district around the stadium.

Resort facilities development in the whole region.

The FIFA2018 poster of Kazan, Russia

The FIFA2018 poster of Kazan, Russia

Kazan

The city is ready for the Summer Universiade Event 2013.

New stadium on the new site not far from the city centre.

To build

  • Launching city rail project (S-Bahn)
  • New transportation hub development (railway terminal Kazan-2)
  • Street and network extension, road junctions
  • City rail ring construction
  • A new metro line of 5-6 stations (optional)

Planning challenges:

Fast transportation network and public facilities construction for Universiade need more planning in order to ensure it’s most effective use and link to housing and commercial projects.

The FIFA2018 poster of Saransk, Russia

The FIFA2018 poster of Saransk, Russia

Saransk

To build

  • New stadium on the new site near the centre of the city
  • Airport development including temporary terminal construction
  • Street network extension
  • New hotels
  • City centre redevelopment (optional)

Planning challenges:

Saransk is a smallest city of the FIFA 2018 World Cup.

The tournament is the challenge and a great opportunity for the typical industrial city to implement present-day planning approaches and raise its appeal

The FIFA2018 poster of Sochi, Russia

The FIFA2018 poster of Sochi, Russia

Sochi

To build

  • New stadium in the southern part of the “Great Sochi” – on the sea side (under construction)
  • Winter Olympics Infrastructure (sport facilities, transportation, etc)
  • Development plans beyond Olympic Games 2014 are not in discussion yet

Planning challenge:

Sochi in the period 2014-2018 and further is the main challenge: the maintenance of sport facilities and the further development (e.g. public transport) without serious governmental support.

 

The FIFA2018 poster of Saint Petersburg, Russia

The FIFA2018 poster of Saint Petersburg, Russia

St. Petersburg

To build

  • New Stadium on the place of demolished Kirov Stadium on the west end of Kirovsky Island
  • Airport – new terminal construction
  • Airport – city connection by rail or metro or LRT
  • Five metro stations on two lines
  • Street and road network extension
  • New airport (optional)

Planning challenges:

The new stadium is a significant landmark in the city’s panoramic view from the seaside.

The FIFA2018 poster of Moscow, Russia

The FIFA2018 poster of Moscow, Russia

Moscow

To build:

  • Two stadiums: reconstruction of the main Moscow stadium “Luzhniki” and the new stadium “Otkritie Arena” on the north-west of the city
  • A series of transportation projects: Street and road network extension, road junctions and railway crossings, city rail ring construction, Metro network extension, etc.
  • New hotels

Planning challenges:

The city is developing many projects: Smart city Scolkovo, Moscow agglomeration and new south-west development, transportation projects, industrial sites redevelopment, etc. FIFA 2018 is among them but not the main one.

Author: Christian Horn is the head of the architecture and urban planning office rethink

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